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The Most Amazing Way to Travel - Auschwitz Salt Mine Trips, A Day

Guest 579 14th Apr, 2020

                                           
                         Following your defeat from the September Campaign of 1939, when Polish soldiers had experimented with repel the German invasion, the town of Oswiecim and the surrounding areas were incorporated inside Third Reich. As well its name was changed to Auschwitz. After 1939, on the SS and Police Headquarters in Wroclaw (Braslau), the thought of generating a concentration camp had recently been proposed. The official justification for this plan took it's origin from the overcrowding with the existing prisons in Silesia, and on require conducting further waves of mass arrest among the Polish inhabitants each of Silesia along with the remainder of German-occupied Poland.
 Several special committees were convened, whose task it was to consider one of the most favorable location for a real camp. The best choice fell upon the deserted pre-war Polish barracks in Oswiecim. Situated some distance from the built up area of the town, they might with ease be expanded and isolated externally world. Take into consideration not without significance was the convenient position of Oswiecim - an import and railway junction - inside existing communications network.
 An order to proceed with offers to found a camp was given in April 1940, and Rudolf Hoss was appointed its first commandant. On June 14, 1940, the Gestapo dispatched the initial political prisoners to KL Auschwitz - 728 Poles from Tarnow. Initially the camping ground comprised 20 buildings - 14 at ground level and 6 having an upper floor. In the period from 1941 to 1942 an additional story was included with all ground-floor buildings and 8 new blocks were constructed, while using the prisoners because labor pool. Altogether the camping ground now contained 28 one-story buildings ( excluding kitchens, storehouses etc. ) The normal quantity of prisoners fluctuated between 13-16.000, reaching at one stage ( during 1942 ) an archive total of 20.000 people. These were accommodated within the blocks, where even the cellares and lofts were chosen for this function.
 
 
 Because amount of inmates increased, the spot taught in camp also, grew, until it had been turned into a big and horrific factory of death. The monstrosity in Oswiecim - KL Auschwitz I - took over as the parent or "Stammlager" to some whole generation of recent camps. In 1941 the building of a second camp, later called Auschwitz II-Birkenau, was commenced from the village of Brzezinka 3 kilometers away and in 1942 the camping ground in Monowice near Oswiecim-KL Auschwitz III-was established about the territory in the German chemical plant IG-Farbenindustrie. Furthermore, throughout the years 1942-1944, about 40 smaller branches with the Auschwitz complex occurred these fell within the jurisdiction of KL Auschwitz III and were situated mainly in the vicinity of steelworks, mines and factories, where prisoners were exploited as cheap labour.
 The camp in Oswiecim ( KL Auschwitz I) plus Brzezinka (KL Auschwitz II - Birkenau) are now maintained as museums open to the general public. The most crucial constructions and objects in Birkenau are the remnants of four crematoria, gas chambers and cremation pits and pyres, the special unloading platform were the deportees were selected plus a pond with human ashes. In Auschwitz such a construction will be the "Death block."
 Furthermore in camps are well preserved blocks as well as a part of prisoners barracks, the principle entrance gates on the camps, sentry watch towers along with barbed wire fences. Some of the constructions destroyed by the Nazis were rebuilt from the original elements - for instance the ovens in the crematorium I. Some objects were completely destroyed through the SS obliterating the traces of the crimes. In the installments of special importance the constructions were reproduced with the museum and put in the identical area since they were through the information on the Auschwitz camp. Especially fundamental essentials "Death wall" along with the collective gallows in the role-call ground.
 The prison blocks inside the camp at Auschwitz contain exhibitions portraying a history of Auschwitz or hearing aid technology torments of the numerous nations whose individuals were murdered here. Above the main gate at Auschwitz - through which the prisoners passed each day enroute to operate (returning 12 hours or more later) there exists a cynical inscription: "Arbeit macht frei" (Work brings freedom). and also on the little square by the kitchen the camp orchestra would play marsches, mustering the a large number of prisoners so that they could be counted more efficiently by the SS.
 That is the short details about a camp along with what you will expect when you're there.
 Salt Mine in Wieliczka is a second part tours a single day.
 Wieliczka Salt Mine near Krakow remembers the changing times of the Old. It among the world's oldest salt mine on the planet. This is the only mining facility on the planet functioning continuously considering that the Dark ages to the, allowing the evolution of mining technology in various historical periods. Wieliczka Salt Mine is about 300 km of excavation on 9 levels, the very first which - how much Bono - would go to a depth of 64 meters, even though the latter lies 327 meters beneath the surface. Total duration of sidewalks, connecting about 3000 excavation (sidewalks, ramps, service chambers, lakes, wells, shafts), exceeds 300 km. The tourist route is 3 km, contains 20 chambers at depths from 64 to 135 meters.
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